Vol. 2 (2017), Issue 1 (open)

ORIGINAL ARTICLES

 

Oana Șerban   -PHILOSOPHY--------

University of Bucharest

‘Efectul Foucault’ asupra modelelor guvernării academice: Genealogia puterii educaționale în era capitalismului cultural / The ‘Foucault Effect’ on the Models of Academic Governance: The Genealogy of the Educational Power in the Age of Cultural Capitalism
Keywords: the ‘Foucault Effect’; educational policies; academic management, Panopticon; educational governance and governmentality; Durkheim; Foucault;

This article aims to explore the so-called ‘Foucauldian effect’ on different contemporary models of academic governance. In these models, educational institutions are defined as parts of a large apparatus of social observation and they are integrated in blocs of power that act within a disciplinary society. My thesis is that academic environments function as normalizing institutions in which the educational management is regarded as the result of the discursive production of power, inspired by “the art of (self) government”, following Foucault’s argument. In the first three sections of my article, I will investigate the relationship between governance and governmentality in educational terms. My analysis focuses on the role of social constraints in determining the ideological construction of these two concepts, in the light of Foucault’s and Durkheim’s critiques. In the last four sections, I will focus on the Foucauldian critical on three models of encapsulating the educational management at micro-institutional level through bureaucracy, Fordian, and Taylorian mechanisms of economic and social discipline. I will argue that each model depends on the cultural capital they involve, a premise that might be applied in the contemporary attempts of reforming educational policies.

 

Irina Frasin   -CULTURAL STUDIES--------

Institute of Economic and Social Research, Romanian Academy, Iași

The Middle-Eastern Conflict and the Image of the Other. The War Photography and Reframing of Perspectives
Keywords: war; photography; conflict; Islamic state; refugees; perspectives;

We are all familiar with the ongoing conflicts in the Middle East – the Syrian war being perhaps the most tragic event – the refugee crisis and the terrorist threat. But from the Western point of view, it seems that the turmoil is somehow connected to the area. And this sometimes leaves us too indifferent to the real suffering of people just because these people are from an alien and doomed land. It seems like the violence happening in this area cannot be understood in its full extent and this becomes clear when we parallel the reactions to the conflicts happening there and the terrorist attacks in the West. This paper argues that photography can alter our perspectives and make realities that seem far out of reach look closer to us. We are examining the work of five artists that try to cope with their own traumatic experiences and open for us new perspectives on a crisis that has already last for too long.

 

Cătălina-Daniela Răducu   -CULTURAL STUDIES--------

Institute of Economic and Social Research, Romanian Academy, Iași

Objectification and Sexual Violence: Radical Feminism Revisited
Keywords: social construction of gender; radical feminism; sexual violence; dominance theory; objectification;

This paper reassesses Catharine MacKinnon’s main claims on what generates sexual violence against women. Firstly, I show that the liberal view on gender equality does not provide an adequate answer to the difficult and pressing question of sexism and sexual violence. In fact, we are still far from the right answer if we look at the growing body of testimonies about sexual abuse and harassment shared under the hashtag ‘Me too’ that started in October, 2017. Based on arguments drawn from MacKinnon’s work, I will argue in a second move that the radical feminist claim according to which sexual violence is mainly caused by an imbalance of power between the two genders is right. The arguments I put forward support the strong and radical belief that sexual abuse of women is not sheer individual pathology, but a consequence of the fact that men generally enjoy a dominant position in society encouraging them to objectify women.

 

Emilian Mihailov   -PHILOSOPHY--------

University of Bucharest

Complexitatea judecării morale: limitele abordărilor procedurale și tipuri de contexte / The complexity of moral decision making: limits of procedural approaches and types of contexts
Keywords: moral judgement; complexity; types of context; method; procedure;

How do we make good moral decisions? There is a tendency to answer this question by developing methods and procedures of moral decision making. In this paper I will show some limits and pitfalls of this approach. Good moral decisions need to take into account factors which cannot be codified into procedures. I draw attention to how analyzing the type of context is a necessary preamble for a better handling of procedures.

 

James Cargile   -PHILOSOPHY--------

Virginia University

Pantheism
Keywords: pantheism; panentheism; universal set; mereological whole; worship;

Pantheism faces two main difficulties. First, making a logically secure identification of a whole or totality of all things. The ex-istence of a universal set is challenged by Cantor’s Paradox. The existence of one mereological whole of space is challenged by the possibility of distinct spaces with no spatial connection. Second, given a whole, there is the question whether it qualifies as God. The identification calls for showing the whole has features taken to be distinctive of God, such as being omnipotent, omniscient, the source of everything, and most of all, most worthy of worship. I argue that pantheism cannot overcome these difficulties and that traditional theism has a rational core which can.